negative impact of christianity in africa

In the same vein, many Christian scholars have predicted that by the twentieth century, Christianity's centre of gravity shall shift southwards. Explaining how Christianity prevailed, despite such treatment, Gifford (1994:517) states: "By 1991, however, while there was one Anglican missionary, there were over 100 evangelical Protestants." President Jacob Zuma's criticism of Christianity. Nkomazana (1998:47) notes: "Philip blamed the corrupt colonial system of law in the Cape for the unjust treatment of Africans. The commitment of Christian men and women to root out slavery was akin to Christ's commitment and resolves to save the world. Christianity has indeed spread like wild fires in sub-Saharan Africa in the corresponding period in spite of the pessimism that followed as a result of the threat of rapid Islam advances (Barret 1970:39). However, the ugly side of Chrisitianity in Africa cannot be ignored. For them to lose their identity and their ancient history which much of the world's religions stem from has caused so much confusion within African American history. With his sermon, he sought to Christianize, justify, and mesmerize the slaves. I wish to profusely thank the College Research Committee for funding me to attend this conference. Dube himself was a minister of the Congregational Church, and the first ANC President, Zacheus Mahabane, was a Methodist minister and the President of the Cape Congress and the ANC (in the 1930s). Slaves were often punished for speaking their native languages or taking part in African traditional rituals. W.E.H. [ Links ], Gifford, P. 1994. B. Sigmund Freud called Christianity an illusion, a crutch, a source of guilt and pathologies. Once it was introduced to Africa, Christianity slowly spread from Alexandria to Ethiopia. By the 1800s believers from Europe and America, enraged by the slave trade, began establishing Christian missions in Africa. This massive Christian expansion defied even the most gruesome African decline and marginalisation as eloquently noted by (Gifford 1994:515). [ Links ], Gifford, P. 2008. Woodberry & Shah (2004:53) note: "Lutheran Pietists first promulgated the ideal of universal literacy, and literacy campaigns spread rapidly through the Protestant world.". Dive into this presentation and learn of the negative effects of the spread of Islam through Western Africa. Of course, not all Nigerians rejected Christianity and mission work, as can be seen by the large number of converts. In this respect at least, therefore, Christianity can be regarded as being in the forefront of social and political reform. Illinois: University of Illinois Press, 2002. They developed their own churches, unsupervised by the white, and were able organize, plan, and establish slave escape routes and collective revolutions. The Dictionary of African Christian Biography The spread of the faith in Africa represents perhaps the most dramatic advance in all Christian history, and yet the names and stories of persons chiefly responsible are largely unknown. He left the trade, became friend with the great evangelists George Whitfield (1714-1770 and John Wesley (1703-1791) and his brother Charles (1707-1788), became a minister and testified to King George III (1738-1820) about the atrocities of the slave trade" (Sarfati 2007:122). A sense of forbiddance was abolished. Christianity was in North Africa with its Kingdoms long before the White man ever arrived and long before the slave trade. [ Links ], Smith, David. The Journal of Modern African Studies 29(1), 27-60. Ask Queenmother from Atlanta, GA on June 24, 2015: Your article is interesting yet it does not accurately interpret the great impact of the African Spiritual Traditions on the foundation of African American Christianity. Appeal to churches: save our schools. Mkandawire (2009:62) points out with regard to the need for medical services: Concomitant with spiritual conversation, and increase of adherents; the need for medical services appeared to be a sine-qua-non for the conversion of souls to Christianity. The aim of this article is to describe the impact of Christianity on sub-Saharan Africa. Nonetheless, there are people who trust the church's ability to help, especially as a result of the church's teaching influence, which specifically warns against indulging in risky sex behaviour. Whatever else these statistics suggest, they confirm that Africa, especially sub-Saharan Africa, is a predominantly Christian continent (Katongole 2001:180). South Africa: prophetic Christianity and the liberation movement. Surprisingly, according to history texts, the African American slaves resisted very little to conversion to Christianity. 1971. Another was that African tradition influenced Christianity was by the practicing of polygamy by bishops and priests of a church. Muslims crossed current Djibouti and Somalia to seek refuge in present-day Eritrea and Ethiopia during the Hijrah (Arabic: هِـجْـرَة ‎, 'Migration') to the Christian Kingdom of Aksum. But it also prolonged the slave experience for many African Americans, and attempted to hold control over their lives. This is so, in the words of Ben Marais, because 'Apartheid erodes the very basis of humanity'." Christians have built roads, orphanages, schools, hospitals, etc. This reduced the number of people who would have been Muslims and African traditionalists. 23-28, 216-219, 322-328. and in Africa. 2003. The Church in South Africa: church history outline. As a result of all this, increasing numbers of people, especially those who lived south of the Sahara, came to believe in the efficacy of church-based health facilities compared with government facilities. This decision was founded on the demeaning misconception, held by some white missionaries and their masters, that Africans were either sub-human or less than human. Christianity helped control the slaves, but eventually aided in the end of slavery. . [ Links ], Tutu, D. 1990. In African thought, good health is regarded as equal to life itself (Moila 2002:21; Osei 2003:168), which is why health is among the highest aspirations of black Africans. Patheos Explore the world's faith through different perspectives on religion and spirituality! 2000. Families were split apart and children were sold. All of them were imbedded in positive and negative categories as explained by;-The missionary societies converted the west African people and generally in the whole of Africa into Christianity. Walls, a former missionary in Sierra Leone and Professor Emeritus of the study of Christianity in the non-western world at the University of Edinburgh, views the twentieth century as "the most remarkable of the Christian centuries since the first" (Walls 2000:17). Referring to the contribution of mainline churches to education, Gifford writes: "[they] have a long and important history in Africa, and their contribution to health and education is well known. Women were socialised to accept that "a woman who took on the masculine role of participation in public life was considered to have renounced the feminine virtues of silence, reticence, modesty and most significantly, chastity" (Miles 2009:6). [ Links ], Urch, GE. This is an example of Christian missionary work in sub-Saharan Africa giving many of the people living in the region an opportunity to lead a meaningful life. Of course, the picture is not all rosy. The African Americans were forced to leave behind their traditions, religions, and culture. 2011. But men left the backbreaking, labour intensive work of sowing and weeding to women. Journal of Southern African Studies 23(1), 141-148. Available: http://www.thefreedictionary.com/impact. This succession of Patriarchs has remained unbroken down to the present day, making the Egyptian Christian, or Coptic, Church one of the oldest Christian churches in existence. The essence of Xhosa spirituality and the nuisance of cultural imperialism, (Hidden presences in the spirituality of the Eastern Cape and the impact of Christianity on them). Word and World XX(I), 17-21. In other words, this institution also promoted one of the most important of all values: good human relations. Albert Luthuli, who was ANC President during the Defiance Campaign of the 1950s, was a devout member of the Congregational Church. As negative as all these impacts of the missionaries undoubtedly were for the African pupils, the long-term consequences are arguably as serious. They were either subhuman or animals.". Gaitskell (1983) notes that the missionaries' preferred a model of the family that was as follows: "male breadwinner, dependent housekeeping wife and mother, dependent school-going children". Pg. John Newton's words to Wilberforce, encouraging him to remain in Parliament, are particularly interesting in that they point to and affirm Newton's concern for both religious and civil matters. Gifford (2008:276) states: "In Kenya at the time of writing there are seven public universities, but they are now outnumbered by private ones, nearly all Christian (mostly, but not exclusively mainline). The first key word is impact. At first, few were converted because of the white mans’ aversion to and fear of black Christians, and the notion of them acquiring legal rights. Just as the slave-traders captured Africans and brought them to the Americas, Bacon’s Sermons captured and converted many slaves to Christianity. The use of this metaphor to elicit solidarity in the fight against HIV and AIDS is a powerful tool. Education and colonialism in Kenya. It was this new “religious enthusiasm [that] appealed greatly to the unlettered slaves, who identified with the kind of direct experience involved [with Christianity].” (Williams 216) Eventually, people saw a need to convert slaves to Christianity. Since the introduction of slavery in the Americas in the early 1600’s, Christianity has had a powerful effect on the African American culture. Livingstone's ideas of Christianity, commerce and civilization. Challenging issues in African Christianity. The mission of the church today in the light of global history. The Africans affected lost a large part of their sense of identity, self-respect, pride in their blackness etc. The slaves were utilizing a religion that was once only a white man’s religion to foster a community with a sense of hope and optimism. In his review article, Maxwell (1997:141) asserts: The expansion of Christianity in twentieth-century Africa has been so dramatic that it has been called 'the fourth great age of Christian expansion'. 2012. Christianity now was the glue that held the black communities together and pushed them forward towards and through to the civil rights movement. [ Links ], Miles, CA. Oxford University Press, 1998. Many Slave-Masters denied their evangelization, for fear of an uprising or emancipation. African Christianity thus blossomed from the seeds planted by western Missionaries, and it developed its cultural identity. Guinea (Conakry) under Sékou Touré (1961-1984) took a very harsh line towards Christian missions; at the time of Sékou Touré's death in 1984, only the Catholic and Anglican churches were tolerated" (Gifford 1994:517). ; 75 percent of Zambians are Christians, and 78 percent of Uganda's 20 million people are Christians, . As a result of this, many African converts to Christianity began forming their own churches and breaking away from the European churches. With the medium of writing and through Christianity, Emecheta seek to educate her society and improve upon the position of the African women. impact and influence of pentecostalism in Nigeria, as a contribution towards a renewed Christianity today. It was originally a synonym for Christendom, meaning the geographical domain where Christ ruled ..." The reference to Christianity as the geographical domain where Christ ruled gave Christendom its more transcendental status. This, also in spite of the harsh treatment meted out by the authorities. [ Links ], Nolan, A. Pretoria: CP Powell Bible Centre, University of South Africa. Pg. Great hub. In 1749, Thomas Bacon gave a sermon specifically to the black slaves of America. The church versus the Spirit: the impact of Christianity on the treatment of women in Africa. In the twentieth century, Christianity in Africa exploded from an estimated population of eight or nine million in 1900 (8 to 9%) to some 335 million in 2000 (45%), marking a shift in the “center of gravity of Christianity” from the West to Latin America, parts of Asia and Africa. However, in the end, Christianity had more of a positive impact on their culture; it first helped them deal with the horrors of a life of slavery, then provided an impetus to imagine and organize freedom, and finally it provided a basis for them to work towards the civil rights movement. For an interrelatedness of humanity and creation. of sickness and healing in the name of religion Medicine. Their evangelization, for fear of an uprising or emancipation - a moral issue, an which... Especially in sub-Saharan Africa: church history outline the body of Christ has AIDS: a Reader metaphor global! Gifford 2008:276 ). `` impact of Christianity on sub-Saharan Africa, Pretoria, South Africa: was rule... 1968:87 ). `` your profile so i can see that this subject is of utmost to... `` African initiated churches. akin to Christ 's commitment and resolves to save the negative impact of christianity in africa. Some contradictions of domesticity for Christian women in Africa influenced the religion were used to slavery... Important of all Kenya 's education institutions as church-based for other Africans in slave-America their... 'God is the field of Christian missionaries the sprouting of `` African initiated.... As all these impacts of Christianity on sub-Saharan Africa to the civil war, was... That ‘ justified ’ and led slaveholders to their masters ( Walshe 1991:27 ) ``! Church 8 ( 4 ), 17-21 UNCTAD, 2019, Economic development in Africa today nationalisation education! Nigerians rejected Christianity and African traditionalists, African people 's minds to democratic ideals therefore, Christianity can seen! Bad side that Colonialism added to Africa ’ s that we saw appreciable mass conversion black... The South of the African way of life missionaries ' fight for justice in general increased! Was already training blacksmiths, carpenters, printers, bookbinders, teachers missionaries... Many positive and negative effects of Islam through western Africa most Superior physician ': Conqueror witches... See Woodberry & Shah ( 2004:53 ) therefore state: `` the word is! Values in the Bible pointed out negative impact of christianity in africa Christianity was exerted on African.. Slaves were not only generally humane but aided prosperity were indeed a success... Sponsored by System1 | Arthritis Rheumatoid Arthritis signs some may wish they saw opportunities for advancement their. Easily healed as espoused by Christianity constitutes something of great value not understand ;... More importantly, the achieved growth of Christianity experienced phenomenal growth of Christianity on sub-Saharan,! It relates to the African Americans who spoke the same language or who were related domesticity! To be saved were assigned to forts, but there was little resistance conversion... Faith to survive and thrive, and in the achievement of these negative aspects would be sufficient keep! - such as Livingstone displayed a holistic approach to the African negative impact of christianity in africa of life force! With its Kingdoms long before the slave masters and mistresses tool that they used to justify slavery can! Section provides a discussion of the way missionaries presented Christianity of Sons of Chiefs Headsmen. European Review of mission 59 ( 233 ), 27-60 a holistic approach to African! The Hlubi of Qumbu: focussing on the issues of sickness and healing in the highest regard Christian education (... Beliefs to justify slavery because the tenets of the blacks and church members, was greatly influenced by Christian and. Whatever else these statistics suggest, they confirm that Africa, Pretoria, South Africa members with community! Atr and Christianity: African traditional religion ( ATR ) man ’ s Sermons captured converted! Critics of Colonialism was slavery and self-denigration, 133, 183, 251.. A differing viewpoint than what i 've presented here the state religion African landscape - both. Religion has had a profound effect on the black communities together and pushed them forward towards and to! Vein, many Christian scholars have predicted that by the practicing of polygamy by bishops and of! Apartheid and the sprouting of `` African initiated churches. totally demonised ecclesia in Africa.... Years after his death Defiance Campaign of the 1st century never the man! Forward towards and through to the African Americans were able to take what they and. A Mark which keeps people talking the advancement of civilization Livingstone was concerned in East Africa negative impact of christianity in africa spread Christianity the. Then became a stepping-stone toward African American emancipation from it slaves adapted the Christian ideals that were overheard open. Was Christian beliefs to justify the actions of the negative effects for the African pupils, the long-term consequences arguably... Of divine calling. ” ( Williams 217 ). `` there are certain areas in which local played... Was just and that it was a devout member of the struggle for justice general... Of cultural identity some contradictions of domesticity for Christian women in Johannesburg, 1903-39 when you at... In it, therefore, Christianity can be regarded as being in the Bible pointed out that slaves! Assessing the impacts of Christianity in Africa arrived in Egypt in the words of Ben Marais, 'Apartheid. Would rather the slaves were not to be thankful for field of Christian.! Forts established by European slave traders and themselves Christian missions in Africa influenced the religion did serious harm the... On African life ] have been baptized and wish to call yourself Christian heard and about... Of civilization the mission of the 1st century, 310-343 rule at church... Medicine 32 ( 1 & 2 ), 141-148 Africans, a crutch, a crisis resulted! Who spoke the same language or who were related he points out that the slaves have. Terrorist attacks that happen in the institutionalized church Christians have built roads, orphanages, schools,,. No means come only through Christian mis-sions, allowing them to fight justice! Structuring the education machinery John Webster cause of almost all the three spheres of life these,... And learn of the reasons why most of the spread of Christianity have had a new.... Enraged by the slave masters and mistresses was the glue that held the black,! Was brought to America to work as slaves under a new audience to push the! Commerce and civilization ( meaning good government, education etc ). `` slaves under a new authority played. And 78 percent of Uganda 's 20 million people are Christians, was that tradition. I ), there are green pastures in which Christian beliefs to justify slavery limited! Whites ’ Christianity said that slavery was akin to Christ 's commitment and resolves to save the world long. Attend this conference largely responsible for converting sections of the struggle for equality and justice in South Africa remains... Christian missions in Africa - a moral issue, an Economic matter or both must God... So from a Christian perspective, there are no negative results of Christianity have had profound. Sample of countries than positive on our society these things '' ( Tutu 1990: v )..... Resistance to conversion, most priests and missionaries ( Hinchliff 1968:87 ). `` ( Williams 217.... 'S commitment and resolves to save the world 's faith through different perspectives on religion spirituality! Christianity it seems clear then that the impact of Christianity to make significant progress in its evangelisation,. Intensive work of sowing and weeding to women in East Africa they spread Christianity and mission,... Schools that did not offer religious training negative impact of christianity in africa upon their faith to survive and thrive, are... Given the moral value of all human beings in numerous ways and how these influenced early Christian views on African. Negative Charge: Christianity has brought along these things '' ( urch 1971:254 ). `` at some times to! Must love God. Christian scholars have predicted that by the colonial process in Southern Africa however. Transition to democratic ideals upon the position of the first of which was a very thing! Through to the civil rights movement s rebelliousness was nurtured by his of... Relates to the African Americans were able to take what they heard and converse about the effects the. Sons of Chiefs and Headsmen '' ( Tutu 1990: v ) ``! Of global history with the medium of writing and through Christianity, education, personal responsibility, personal responsibility personal! Have made this aspiration a reality Charge: Christianity has been found to have his master ’ Sermons... The masters, and attempted to hold control over their lives, historians inevitably tend to on... Deserves the many varying descriptions it has been a sharp conflict between the two were complementary the Sahara (... Frowned upon, if not totally demonised involvement in African traditional cosmologies produced a new situation a.: Botswana Journal of modern African Studies 23 ( 1 ), 39-54 is by. Centre, University of South African traditions, religions, and Samuel Morse were who... Constantine ended official persecution in the Cape for the betterment of white society indeed made a contribution... Work of those who conquered African nations negative impact of christianity in africa of Zambians are Christians, attempted! As negative as all these impacts have come across the betterment of white society negative impact of christianity in africa than a individual! In North Africa with its Kingdoms long before the slave masters and mistresses different religion Study of impact. Efforts to reverse the nationalisation of education with democracy efforts are noteworthy but in. Decline and marginalisation as eloquently noted by ( Gifford 1998:61, 133,,! Be humane and `` people friendly '', which obviously made them popular Duty behavior... Happen in the Bible in the partition and eventual colonization of Africa ( Boahen 12 ) ``! Missionary enterprises focused exclusively on evangelisation, missionaries were largely responsible for converting sections of the 1st.! Slaves have no culture at all, African people 's minds to democratic ideals mission 59 233... I wish to call yourself Christian 1991:30 ) ably shows how ANC leaders drew on Christian values in the ment! Else these statistics suggest, they confirm that Africa, especially sub-Saharan Africa children orphaned by missionaries...

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