importance of drainage features in ghana

Ghana is drained by a large number of streams and rivers. Outfall Considerations and Features ♦ 5. First impressions matter; if someone walks into a place of business or a home that is filthy, there is a possibility that the person might not come back. Many rare plants and trees grow by rivers. drainage of surface water to a water body was often described in such a way that could be interpreted as sustainable. A lake is a still water body surrounded by land from all sides except a side where it is fed by a river, stream or any other moving body of water. Accordant versus discordant drainage patterns. They play a very important part in the water cycle, acting as drainage channels for surface water. To read more visit the Related Link. The sea to the South of Ghana is called Gulf of Guinea. Ghana, a beautiful country located in West Africa continent, is bestowed with incredible natural resources such as oil, gold, cocoa, timber, bauxite and more. Rivers provide excellent habitat and food for many of the earth's organisms. Drainage options for the construction industry include: Point drainage, which intercepts water at gullies (points). Lake Bosomtwe and Lake Volta are the two main lakes in Ghana. The National Drainage and Irrigation Authority (NDIA) functions as Guyana’s apex organization dealing with all public matters pertaining to management, improvement, extension and provision of drainage, irrigation and flood control infrastructure and services in declared areas of … Although relatively small in area and population, Ghana is one of the leading countries of Africa and is celebrated for its rich history. Therefore, water must not be allowed to develop sufficient volume or velocity so as to cause excessive wear along ditches, below culverts, or along exposed running surfa… Ghanaian politicians marked this important transition by replacing the territory's colonial label with the … The Niger and the Benue Rivers showed on the map are the major rivers of Nigeria. The country's rivers drain into primarily three drainage basins. But how does the water that falls on the ground get to the stream or river? Since the colonial era many of the settlements of the area have developed in rural towns and even metropolitan areas.€€ Gullies connect to drainage pipes beneath the ground surface and deep excavation is required to facilitate this system. There are a number of dams and ponds in Ghana. The river with its tributaries cover about 67% of the... • Lake Bosomtwe: It is the only natural lake in Ghana. • Human resources and Entrepreneurial Ability: The quality of labor may pose a serious constraint on the growth of income. FEATURES (CONT.) Impacts of „Galamsey‟ on Drainage and Sanitation in the Mining Communities of Tarkwa, Ghana 4) Water bodies provide home or habitat for aquatic plants and animals. The importance of sanitation goes beyond health. It is located near Kumasi in the Ashanti Region. The most dramatic transitions in natural features and land use occur as one moves north or south across these belts we call bioclimatic regions. Ghana The review covered: importance of highway drainage system in road construction, requirements of highway drainage system, and effects of bad drainage system on roads. Tilapia, salmon. • Lake Volta: This is however artificial and a large reservoir contained behind the Akosombo dam to control the volume of water. All major rivers in Ghana flow into the Gulf of Guinea. return elsewhere. So much has been written about the importance of water. Brain drain … Because of this, some diseases are more common The Niger and Benue River valleys make up Nigeria's most expansive region, merging into each other to form a distinctive 'Y' shape. ASPECTS IN SCHOOL BUILDING DESIGNS 2.1. d) LAGOONS: The country has a north-south extent of about 670 km and a maximum east-west extent of about 560 km. Many rare plants and trees grow by rivers. Poorly drained stormwater forms stagnant pools that provide breed-ing sites for disease vectors. A drainage basin is naturally occurring drainage of land that channels precipitation and excess water to a river or stream. e) Gulf of Guinea: The Volta has been dammed at Akosombo, in the south, as … If, as we learn from geography, the earth is 2/3 water, and science says the human body is 70% water, then it goes without saying that no life can be sustained without water. Introduction Zongo communities are parts of deprived and marginalized communities in Ghana. They play a very important part in the water cycle, acting as drainage channels for surface water. Eg. Dams can be used to generate electricity, drinking water and for irrigation. Therefore the These are the Lake Chad, Gulf of Guinea, and Niger-Benue basin. Eg. The bush fallow system prevails wherever there is ample land to permit a plot to be rested enough to recoup its fertility, after one to three years’ cultivation. 1) They provide drinking water for humans and animals. Among the tributaries of the Essequibo, the Potaro, the Mazaruni, and the Cuyuni drain the northwest, and the Rupununi drains the southern savanna. Efficient drainage system prevents flooding, hence loss of properties and lives and environmental disaster. Some Common Terms Associated with Drainage Systems, Weather Elements and Measuring Instruments. System Plan ♦ 3. An explosion at a petrol station, caused by the flooding, killed a further 150. Knowledge of soil survey is relevant to agricultural development. Drainage systems also prevent the accumulation of stagnant water, which can encourage mosquitoes to breed. The destructive power of flowing water, as stated in Section 3.2.2, increases exponentially as its velocity increases. 3) They collect and store excess water, hence minimizing the occurrence of flood. A main cause of road damage, and problems with the serviceability of road networks, is excess water filling the pores of road materials in the road and in the subgrade soils. Storm Drains 1. This is the most important use of a good drainage system; it allows the free flow of water and in most cases prevents accumulation that can lead to flooding. ASAP PLUMBING is a registered Accra-based company that offers quick and professional plumbing services to private residences, corporate firms, construction companies, real estate and facility management companies. 2) They provide fishes for humans. One of the best benefits of having a drainage system installed, inside or outside, is that it can help prevent water damage and structural issues. research, geography, transportation and urban planning to explain and analyze road network for purpose of determining the relative accessibility of each of the arterial roads. To better understand the geography of West Africa and how it drives land use, we briefly examine the geology, topography, hydrography, climate, and vegetation through these broad bioclimatic regions. The focus presentation is on the review of major drainage management issues in Ghana, and the way forward. Preliminary Concept Development ♦ Design Checklist ♦ 1. It shares borders with Côte d’Ivoire to the west, Burkina Faso to the north, and Togo to the east. Habitats. However, certain general features are discernible throughout the country. Ghana is a country in West Africa, along the Gulf of Guinea, just a few degrees north of the equator. If you follow a small stream downhill, where do you think it will lead? GEOG 488-Soil Survey . Rivers provide excellent habitat and food for many of the earth's organisms. Habitats. A proper Surface drainage system shapes and molds the land into a watershed that can convey the runoff into an organized drainage system comprising of trench drains, catch basins, and storm sewers. Lawn drainage is an issue that homeowners can face in Texas. Roads will affect the natural surface and subsurface drainage pattern of a watershed or individual hillslope. World Facts Index > Ghana > Geography Map of Ghana. Drainage Features • River Volta : It is the largest and longest river in Ghana. In July 2015 flooding in Accra killed 25 people. River Volta takes its source from the Sikasso Plateau in Burkina Faso. It is believed that the techniques used in these fields can be extended to studies in estate management, thereby making cross-fertilization of research ideas across Brain drain … Ghana has lost some of its best brains that could have transform our economy to the world as a result of low motivation and better returns in the diaspora. A drainage basin is an area of land where all precipitation that falls will drain or flow downhill into a specific stream. Whilst it was not the only cause, poor solid waste management in the city made this problem […] It is located near Kumasi in the Ashanti Region. System Plan ♦ 3. In this paper an attempt is made to contribute to the development of an engineering soil classification system for the tropically weathered soils of Ghana. These include the Akosombo Dam and Kpong Dam. Storm Drains 1. Ghana has lost some of its best brains that could have transform our economy to the world as a result of low motivation and better returns in the diaspora. Ghana, country of western Africa, situated on the coast of the Gulf of Guinea. Drainage 5.1 Problems caused by poor drainage Removing stormwater and household wastewater (sometimes called “sullage”) is an important environmental health intervention for reducing disease. Bediabewu, Buri, Anoni, Sumin, and Ayiasu) constituting the main water bodies. All of these waterways are connected and rely on precipitation to flow properly. ARCHITECTURAL ASPECTS IN SCHOOL BUILDING DESIGNS 2.1.1. Smaller rivers are River Bia, River Offin, River Birim, River Anum and River Ayensu. Ghana - Ghana - Daily life and social customs: Although the bonds of the extended family are an important factor in the social norms of Ghanaians as a whole, they tend to be much less pronounced among the urban population, where the trend is toward the nuclear family, especially among the professional classes and scattered immigrant groups. The review covered: importance of highway drainage system in road construction, requirements of highway drainage system, and effects of bad drainage system on roads. Careful consideration of the soil-type specific to your building site will help to ensure the stability of your foundation and integrity of your house for years to come. 11.5 Causes of the drainage problem 11.6 Remedial measures to combat water-logging and salinity 11.7 Important drainage projects and a case study 12. For those applications proposing discharge of surface water into a sewer, it was frequently unclear whether this meant a combined or surface water sewer (mainly because detailed drainage plans were not available). Learning the advantages and disadvantages of drainage systems will help you determine whether installing one will work best for your garden and the environment. These are the Lake Chad, Gulf of Guinea, and Niger-Benue basin. Ghana, which lies in the center of the West African coast, shares 2,093 km of land borders with the three French-speaking nations of Burkina Faso (548 km) to the north, Côte d'Ivoire (668 km) to the west, and Togo (877 km) to the east. 50 years ago, Ghana became one of the first developing countries to receive development assistance from the United States, and assistance continues. This type of water is r… • An area where tourism is important 3.5 Energy • Describe the importance of non-renewable fossil fuels, renewable energy supplies, nuclear power and fuelwood; globally and in different countries at different levels of development Non-renewable fossil fuels including coal, oil and natural gas. Learn more about the country of Ghana here. Problem Identification ♦ 2. The Akan Lowlands contain the basins of the Densu River, the Pra River, the Ankobra River, and the Tano River, all of which play important roles in the economy of Ghana. The study focuses on the impact of hydrological processes on the environment: flooding, erosion and sediments, urban drainage, salt water intrusion, drought and drought management and Environmental aspects of water resource projects. In July 2015 flooding in Accra killed 25 people. 7. Introduction ♦ Overview of Urban Drainage Design ♦ Overview of Storm Drain Design 2. As observed on the map above, Ghana is dissected by the largest artificial lake on the planet (Lake Volta), nearly 50% of Ghana lies less than 152 meters above sea level. A lagoon is a shallow body of water separated from a larger body of water by barrier islands. Road drainage design has as its basic objective the reduction and/or elimination of energy generated by flowing water. The S System consists of a one meter long polymer concrete channel with a cast iron rail incorporated and two ductile iron F900 kN gratings bolted to the unit eight times every meter to ensure security. By the beginning of the 1980s, Ghana's production dropped significantly from an average of more than 400,000 tonnes per year to a low of 270,000 tonnes between 1988-1990 (CRIG Handbook, 2010) [2]. In most cases, a small stream will lead to a bigger stream, which will then lead to a river, and finally an open body of water. History Water is the most important compound ensuring life on Earth. Rivers carry water and nutrients to areas all around the earth. When it rains, water falls on all surfaces, not just in the waterways. return elsewhere. • The hygiene features include proper water sanitation and drainage system at the school as well as hand washing station • Environmental-friendly features include small trees and plantation in area and in verandah 2. Water bodies are very important and we should therefore take good care of them, Some Common Terms Associated with Drainage Systems, Weather Elements and Measuring Instruments. Ghana.€€€ The industry is declining however.€€ In addition to agriculture trade and craft production are important to the people of the Northern zone. Urban drainage management in Ghana 1.1. Ghana’s water resources potential is divided into surface and groundwater sources. Besides, the finance of the govt, also, to the large extent, depends upon the prosperity of agricultural sector. The name “Guinea” is usually said to have been a corrupt form of the name Ghana picked up by the Portuguese. Water that over-accumulates in your yard may kill plants. Tilapia, salmon. • Human resources and Entrepreneurial Ability: The quality of labor may pose a serious constraint on the growth of income. Major rivers of Ghana include the following; The Volta, River Tano, River Ankobra, River Pra and River Densu. km. Outfall Considerations and Features ♦ 5. Geography . However, in Ghana, there are a few that might also serve as great spots to stop over and relax while you enjoy the view and rejuvenate. 2018) (Fig. Preliminary Concept Development ♦ Design Checklist ♦ 1. However, that phrase is probably one of the most powerfully true messages the whole creation bears witness to. But on roads the presence of water means mainly trouble. The Niger and the Benue Rivers showed on the map are the major rivers of Nigeria. Without a proper drainage system, a basement is more likely to flood which can cause water damage to the surrounding area. Ghana, a beautiful country located in West Africa continent, is bestowed with incredible natural resources such as oil, gold, cocoa, timber, bauxite and more. 1) They provide drinking water for humans and animals. Design Criteria ♦ 4. Ghana GeoGraphy, climate and population Ghana is situated on the west coast of Africa with a total area of 238 540 km2. 7) Water bodies can be used for dams to generate electricity. Utility Conflicts ♦ 6. Support for deep trenches is required in … Per the lie of channels, drainage systems can fall into one of several categories, known as drainage patterns.These depend on the topography and geology of the land.. All forms of transitions can occur between parallel, dendritic, and trellis patterns. The river first flows south on entering Ghana, turns In the wetter south and southwest areas of Ghana, the river and stream pattern is denser, but in the area north of the Kwahu Plateau, the pattern is much more open, making access to … The Ashanti consider it a sacred lake. Introduction, why drainage is important → 2) They provide fishes for humans. Ghana is a West African country with a coastline on the Gulf of Guinea and occupies a total area of 239,567 sq. Location These include among them the most famous lake in the region of Lake Volta and a number of supporting rivers key among them the Afram and Birim Rivers. Rivers drain nearly 75% of the earth's land surface. Many people are turned off by homes filled with garbage, piled … • River Volta: The results of this study have revealed that the soil-forming factors considerably influence the distribution of physico-chemical properties in Ghana soils. Ghana, formerly the British colony of the Gold Coast, assumes a special prominence as the first African country to acquire independence from European rule. Ghana lies within latitude 4. o 3) They collect and store excess water, hence minimizing the occurrence of flood. Today, the United States remains a major trading partner with Ghana, and the two countries often collaborate on various international issues (USAID 2012). Thesis Advisor: Professor Diana Owen ABSTRACT There has been rapid technological development in Ghana over the past five years. 4.1).The Volta Delta lies within the Keta Basin, which is one of several fault-controlled sedimentary basins in West Africa (Appeaning Addo et al. An explosion at a petrol station, caused by the flooding, killed a further 150. There are about thirty (30) villages near the lake with a combined population of about 70,000 people. Rivers drain nearly 75% of the earth's land surface. WasteAid UK Associate David Lerpiniere discusses the importance of linking waste management with flood prevention. Ghana’s capital is the coastal city of Accra. • Lake Bosomtwe: It is the only natural lake in Ghana. Design Criteria ♦ 4. ♦ Deck Drainage 10. Problem Identification ♦ 2. 8. 6) Large water bodies can be used for transportation eg. Guyana’s four main rivers—the Courantyne, Berbice, Demerara, and Essequibo —all flow from the south and empty into the Atlantic along the eastern section of the coast. Examples of some Coastal lagoons are Korle lagoon, Songhor lagoon and Keta lagoon. 4) Water bodies provide home or habitat for aquatic plants and animals. Importance in Transport: Agriculture is the main support for railways and roadways which transport bulk of agricultural produce from farm to the mandies and factories. The Niger and Benue River valleys make up Nigeria's most expansive region, merging into each other to form a distinctive 'Y' shape. This is a list of rivers in Ghana.This list is arranged by drainage basin, with respective tributaries indented under each larger stream's name. drainage area of the basin is about 50,000 km2.The River and its main tributaries in the northern part, the Red Volta (Nazinon) and the Kulpawn/ Sissili Rivers, take their sources in the central and north-eastern portions of Burkina Faso. Ghana, which lies in the center of the West African coast, shares borders with the three French-speaking nations of Côte d'Ivoire to the west, Togo to the east, and Burkina Faso (Burkina, formerly Upper Volta) to the north. Drainage refers to the distribution of water bodies in an area. The drainage pattern of the area is dendritic, with river Ankobra, Bonsa, Huni and their tributaries (e.g. The country's rivers drain into primarily three drainage basins. Unstable soil will need to be stabilized, most likely through mechanical compaction, and at a potentially high price. ♦ Deck Drainage 10. APPLICATION OF REMOTE SENSING TECHNOLOGY FOR FLOOD CONTROL 12.1 Introduction 12.2 Application for planning flood control measures 12.3 Flood warning 12.4 Concluding remarks 13. Drainage systems also prevent the accumulation of stagnant water, which can encourage mosquitoes to … 5) They provide plankton and other foods for fishes and other aquatic animals. Ghana GeoGraphy, climate and population Ghana is situated on the west coast of Africa with a total area of 238 540 km2. It shares borders with Côte d’Ivoire to the west, Burkina Faso to the north, and Togo to the east. Destructive power of flowing water, as stated in Section 3.2.2, increases exponentially as its basic the. May kill plants the prosperity of agricultural sector relatively small in area and population Ghana... A coastline on the subsurface drainage pattern of the total land area of Ghana drained! Stabilized, most likely through mechanical importance of drainage features in ghana, and Togo to the West, Burkina Faso the! 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Ground surface and deep excavation is required in … 1.1 earth 's land surface became one the.

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